Mevlana Museum in Konya was built by the Seljuk Turks in Konya was the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum Anatolia. In , the Seljuks defeated the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert , starting the Turkification process in the area; the Turkish language and Islam were introduced to Armenia and Anatolia, gradually spreading throughout the region. The slow transition from a predominantly Christian and Greek -speaking Anatolia to a predominantly Muslim and Turkish -speaking one was underway. The Mevlevi Order of dervishes , which was established in Konya during the 13th century by Sufi poet Celaleddin Rumi , played a significant role in the Islamization of the diverse people of Anatolia who had previously been Hellenized. In its wake, one of the Turkish principalities governed by Osman I would evolve over the next years into the Ottoman Empire. In , the Ottomans completed their conquest of the Byzantine Empire by capturing its capital , Constantinople. In , Sultan Selim I — successfully expanded the empire’s southern and eastern borders by defeating Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty in the Battle of Chaldiran. Subsequently, a contest started between the Ottoman and Portuguese empires to become the dominant sea power in the Indian Ocean , with a number of naval battles in the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
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Turkey, a major US ally, has allowed the United States to use the air base in Incirlik to launch attacks against the militant group. Those air operations were temporarily halted following the coup attempt on Friday. Kerry said that the difficulty for US planes accessing Incirlik may have been a result of planes flown in support of the coup using the air base to refuel.
Secretaru of State John Kerry Image:
The moves marked a major policy shift by Ankara after years of reluctance in taking a frontline role against the Islamist fighters pressing on its borders.
The female fighter was a member of the PKK – a Kurdish militant group considered by Nato to be a terrorist organisation. Turkey has long fought against Kurdish insurgents in the south and east of the country and has been carrying out airstrikes on Kurdish targets it claims are linked to the PKK over the border in Iraq. Many believe that Turkey’s long delay before eventually agreeing to carry out airstrikes on Islamic State targets in Syria and Iraq because it fears Kurdish forces being strengthened by ISIS’ losses.
Hostilities between Kurdish militants and Turkish forces have grown since Turkey began carrying out airstrikes on suspected PKK linked groups in Syria and Iraq. As a result, the PKK has strengthened its campaign in southern and eastern Turkey, with a total of people – including 13 civilians – believed to have been killed in little over a month. Turkey’s twin-pronged campaign against Kurdish forces and ISIS militants comes despite the Kurds so far providing by far the best ground resistance against the terror group.
Kurdish activists took to Twitter to condemn Turkish police after the naked and bloodied corpse of Kevser Elturk was leaked, apparently by members of the country’s special forces. In fact the Kurds – who coordinate their ground assault with airstrikes by warplanes from the American-led anti-ISIS coalition – have proven to be such an effective force that they are now in full control of areas that were not under their control before the rise of ISIS in Syria and Iraq.
NATO member Turkey – which has been accused of both turning a blind eye to ISIS and even worse worst actively cooperating with the the terror group – is concerned that the Kurds will be reluctant to give up this land, which they may then use as the basis to found a Kurdish state on Turkey’s border. Pictured, masked members of YDG-H – the youth wing of the PKK – sit next to their weapons in Silvan, near the southeastern city of Diyarbakir The news comes as a jihadi proclaiming allegiance to ISIS appeared in a video urging fellow Turks to rebel against ‘infidel’ President Tayyip Erdogan and help conquer Istanbul, highlighting the threat the NATO member faces as it battles the radical insurgents.
Turkey has been in a heightened state of alert since launching a ‘synchronised war on terror’ last month, which included air strikes against ISIS fighters in Syria and the opening of its air bases to U.
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Multi-party period of Turkey Regional censorship predates the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. On 15 February , the Ottoman Empire issued law governing printing houses “Basmahane Nizamnamesi” ; books first had to be shown to the governor, who forwarded them to commission for education “Maarif Meclisi” and the police.
If no objection was made, the Sultanate would then inspect them. Without censure from the Sultan books could not be legally issued. The Press Law changed, sentences and fines were increased. It was given the power to confiscate publications, close papers and printing houses.
The captured soldiers in a courthouse, Istanbul
I wrote this post over three years ago. All of it still applies and I stand by what I have written. Every year, thousands of foreign women enter Turkey and strike up a holiday romance. For some, the holiday romance does not work out and they move on. Others however can not accept the holiday romance for what it was. So when thinking about Turkish men, I type this post in despair.
Turkey coup: Live updates as tens of thousands march in Turkish cities after 290 killed
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In a dramatic iPhone interview broadcast on TV, Mr Erdogan urged his supporters into the streets to confront the troops and tanks – and forces loyal to the government began reasserting control.
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Gunman have stormed the police headquarters, apparently demanding the release of an opposition politician.
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In it he combines the figure of the nude with an oriental theme, taking as his inspiration the letters of Lady Montague , who recounts a visit to a women’s baths in Instanbul in the early eighteenth century. Ingres has borrowed figures from some of his previous paintings for this composition full of arabesques. This late masterpiece was only revealed to the public many years after his death. An Orient of dreams Dozens of nude Turkish women are sitting or lying on sofas in various poses, in an Oriental interior which is arranged around a pool.
Many of these bathers have just emerged from the water and are stretching themselves or dozing off; others are chatting or drinking coffee.
A woman holds a Turkish flag during a demonstration in support of the Turkish president Image: